The pictures below showcase students exploring the shapes, weight, and melting rate of the green and regular ice brought by Z. G. from home.
In our last post, the students were debating whether ice gets bigger or grows, or whether it gets smaller when it freezes.
O. S. was very interested to find out and did an experiment at home with her family. The next day she brought in her findings and wrote the steps to her experiment to share with the class.
Before sharing her findings with the class, O. S. asked the class what they thought would happen?
"I think it will freeze and grow higher than the line." D. A.
"It will stay the same, because if you freeze it you can't get more." Z. G.
"Hmmmm...the same." S. T.
"I think it will stay the same." B. K.
"I think if we put it in the freezer it will be exactly the same". M. S.
"I think it will stay at 200, because I think ice doesn't grow." J. K.
"I think it will be the same, I don't think ice can grow." A. T.
"I think it's going to grow because when I did my ice it growed. Then I put it up to here (shows with finger), and then it went up to her (shows with hand) where it freezed." C. D.
Before showing O. S.'s experiment, I asked the students if they wanted to try doing the experiment as well to see if we get the same result. The next day, C. C. also tried the experiment at home.
I then showed the kids all the experiments and asked them what they noticed, thought, and wondered.
"It grows bigger!" Z. G.
"It grew bigger because the lines are lower than before." O. S.
"O. S.'s is at 300! It grew bigger because it used to be at 200." J. K.
"It got bigger so that's why the jar broke!" O. S.
"Why does ice stay the same shape a what you put it in?" F. D.
"Why does ice grow?" K. W.
"Maybe because it depends on the temperature." S. C.
"Because when ice, when you just put ice in the freezer and when it gets colder it starts to grow." C. C.
"I agree with S. C." J. K.
"I think because the water is moving up and when it gets more freezing it keeps gong up." W. E.
"I agree with S. C." E. E.
"What do you notice about the green ice C. C. made? Mrs. Ralph
"Maybe the food colouring stops it from growing and the one without food colouring grew." O. S.
"It gets bigger because ice gets stronger and it depends how long you wait. It gets bigger because it grows, it broke a piece off the glass." H. S.
Some students brought in experiments from home that contained objects in the ice!
"The dinosaur in the coloured ice didn't grow because I put it in the freezer. This one did grow because, well, first we put water, then we put the dinosaur and then it was growing a little bit and then we froze it." H. S.
"Why did you get the idea to put a dinosaur in it?" O. S.
"Because I wanted to see what would happen to the dinosaur if it will grow or not grow. I wasn't that sure but once it growed in water without freezing it, but I wanted to know if it will work with ice." H. S.
"Why did you want to make three colours of your ice?" A. T.
"Because I wanted to see if it was mixing?" H. S.
K. E. also did an experiment at home that he brought in to share with the class.
"First I got a bowl and then put the dino in and then put water in it and put it in the freezer. Before I went to sleep I add two drops of pink and two things of blue and it is blue! I put one dino in the experiment." K. E.
"What are the lines." Mrs. Ralph
"It is the water and when he added the colours in the freezer some made the lines because it was cold." P. I.
All the experiments done by students were always placed at the ice area for further hands on exploration by students. I wondered what aspects they were going to explore from H. S. and K. E.'s experiments. As I observed them interact with the ice, I noticed how fascinated they were with the way the ice was melting. They were trying different things to make the melting rate speed up so they could get to the dinosaurs!
P. I. didn't bring in the experiment she did with her family but she wanted to share what she noticed while playing in the forest near her house!
"Me and my mom, and my brother, he put ice in water outside and then he put some snow on the ice, and then the ice it floated up on top of the water! It was in my backyard, there was some water near the forest. I made the ice at my house in the freezer. I noticed that when the ice went up the water was shrinking down!" P. I.
I decided to ask the class their thoughts about what P. I. discovered.
"Can ice float?" Mrs. Ralph
No one seemed to know for sure, and no suggestions were made by the students. I was a bit sad as this would make for a wonderful exploration, but I decided to leave the discussion and not push this idea from me. I was hoping the right opportunity would present itself and spark interests authentically.
K. W. also froze some ice at home and decided to place some items inside!
"Yesterday I made ice and I got water and I putted water in a bag and then I got the idea to put sea glass in it and I put one yellow rock, and then I putted it in the freezer, and then when I woke up the next morning it was a big chunk!" K. W.
"Why did you want to put sea glass in water and freeze it?" Mrs. Ralph
"I never done it before and I wanted to try it. I thinked it would freeze against the ice." K. W.
During free exploration, I noticed R. S. and L. S. trying something interesting with K. W.'s ice!
I quickly called over the other students so they could see what R. S. and L. S. found out!
"It's floating!" Class
"Why is it floating?" Mrs. Ralph
"Because there is more water and the ice is smaller and the water is bigger." M. O.
"Maybe because ice is actually, well ice weighs the same as water because ice is water."
"How can we find out?" Mrs. Ralph
"Take a cup of water and another cup of water and freeze it, just one." F. D.
"We can find out with the scale. We have to make sure we have the same amount so it's fair." W. E.
"When ice freezes it gets taller. I tried it on the weekend. Ice gets bigger." O. S.
We decided to try this experiment in class!
After having done the experiment together, I left the scale at the ice area for the students to explore and investigate further. Seeing is one thing, but having the opportunity to interact with the materials, allows for a deeper understanding and satisfaction.
"I got two containers. I put water in both. I then put salt in one container. I put both in the freezer; in the morning I checked them. One froze and one didn't!" O. S.
The students were a bit puzzled but this time they had some theories!
"I think cause salt melts stuff. One day ice was on our path so my dad put salt on it and the ice was gone!" C. C.
"What kind of salt did he use?" W. E.
"I think the cooking one." O. S.
"There are different kinds of salt. One you put on the road to clear the snow and the other you cook with." W. E.
Once again, I asked students if they wanted to try this experiment to see if we get the same results as O. S. They all agreed.
Making observations and theories before taking the containers outside.
No salt (left) and salt (right)
After being outside overnight.
Comments by students:
"The water with salt is moving and the other one is not." B. P.
"The one with salt melted and the one with water got hard." L. B.
"The one with no salt froze and the one with salt didn't freeze." A. T.
"The one with salt, some pieces at the top froze but didn't on the bottom. The water one froze all the way." J. K.
"I wonder why the salt didn't mix with the ice on the top?" O. S.
"I wonder why the one with salt only froze on the top?" H. S.
"I wonder why there is salt on the bottom?" C. C.
"The one with no salt if frozen and there is bubbles and you can't see through it, and the one with salt didn't freeze at the bottom. The salt was going to the bottom and stopped it from freezing." E. E.
"The one with the salt, I see bubbles and the water one I see frozen air bubbles." P. I.
"I wonder why the salt went to the bottom?" C. D.
"I wonder why the salt water didn't freeze and the one with water did?" K. W.
"I think the salt was sinking down to the bottom, the salt is freezing and sinking to the bottom." Z. G.
"I think the salt went down because the salt is heavier then water so it goes under the water." O. S.
"Why did the one with salt not freeze like the one with just water?" A. T.
One day O. S. came up to me and told me she had a wonder question. I told her to write it down on a sticky so she can share it with the class.
She explained to me that we already tried putting food colouring in water and freezing it, but wondered about putting food colouring on top of ice.
After sharing her question with the class, I placed some food colouring at the ice area with some ice we've been freezing daily for exploration purposes.
Students noticed that the food colouring didn't go through the ice but ran down the side instead. They also saw lines forming on the big ice. O. S. thought it was caused by the food colouring running down the side.
K. E. and C. D. brought in a few icicles. With permission, they placed their icicles at the ice area so their classmates can explore them further.
Having used salt, and food colouring, students were now thinking of other things they wanted to try on ice.
Stay tuned for our Ice Melting Competition blog post coming soon!